**Curve bending**

- Several successive bends with different radiuses produced in a single operation.
- R min = approx. 4 times the diameter of the input material
- R max = infinite.

** Radius bending**with or without mandrel

- A bend with a defined radius is formed in a single operation.
- R max = approx. 1,000 mm

**Die bending**

- A bend is formed in a single operation by a closing die.
- R min = less than 1.0 times the diameter of the input material
- R max = infinite.

** Cryogenic bending**mandrel-free

- The mandrel is replaced by a medium.
- R min = 0.8 times the diameter of the input material
- R max = approx. 1,000 mm